These articles were published from to The oldest articles were published in , and the most recent article in Approximately half of the articles were published after For simplicity, in articles from multicenter study groups, the name of the coordinator was defined as the country or institution of origin. The articles were contributed by 41 institutions. Table 4 lists the leading 10 institutions, with 2 publications or more, led by The Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland 16 publications , followed by Harvard University in Boston, Massachusetts 8 publications , and the University of Wisconsin in Madison 7 publications.
Fourteen articles were the products of multi-institutional or multinational studies with contributions from as many as participants Table 2. The remaining 86 articles were products of individual institutions, contributed by authors, ranging from 1 to 12 authors per article mean number of authors, 4.
Table 5 gives the names of 28 authors of 2 or more of the most-cited articles. Table 6 summarizes the research field and topics covered by the articles. Eleven articles reported epidemiological study results, 67 dealt with clinical experience, and 22 covered basic scienceresearch. Articles in the clinical experience group were classified into 4 categories. In the second category, 11 articles reported new information about clinical diseases including AIDS, idiopathic macular hole, and massive periretinal proliferation.
Twenty-two articles were included in the category of basic science with which to achieve understanding of the pathophysiology and pathogenesis of eye disorders. This category included vascular endothelial growth factors, retinal ganglion cell apoptosis, corneal endothelial cell structure and function, and oxygen-induced retinopathy. Of the citation classics, 12 were products of randomized clinical trials Table 2 , including medications for intraocular pressure control in glaucoma, photodynamic therapy of subfoveal choroidal neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration, treatment of cytomegalovirus retinitis with intraocular sustained-release ganciclovir implantation, vitrectomy for the treatment of postoperative endophthalmitis, and high-dose supplementation with ascorbic acid, vitamin E, beta-carotene, and zinc for age-related macular degeneration.
These were multi-institutional or multinational collaborative studies performed in the United States and Europe. The number of times an article is cited in other articles is widely believed to reflect its effect and the quality of contribution by its authors.
Some important articles may not be readily listed as citation classics because their substance has become such common knowledge after publication that their content is no longer cited. Other articles may be frequently cited because they have withstood the test of time.
The articles published in the major journals dedicated to ophthalmology and its subspecialties were the target of this citation analysis. The pattern of citations varies among articles and, in the most-cited articles, the number of citations has remained so steady for 10 years or longer that the cumulative number of citations of a given article has increased with time after publication.
The citation classics are landmark articles with topics that have inspired clinical and basic research in the past 30 years. As the data show, some of the most important advances include descriptive epidemiology risk factor analysis of diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, and glaucoma and ocular hypertension; and diagnostic imaging technologies including optic coherence tomography, laser applications for the treatment of choroidal neovascularization and correction of refractive errors, and vitreous intervention for the treatment of idiopathic macular hole and proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
Most cited classic articles originated in the United States, and only 6 articles originated in non-English-speaking countries. The findings seem consistent with the size of the US ophthalmic community and its wealth and scientific output, which dominate the international ophthalmic publications. There is, however, some evidence that US authors tend to quote articles from US journals and omit relevant references from journals published elsewhere.
This list of the most-cited articles in ophthalmology identifies seminal contributions and originators, indicates an increasing popularity of randomized clinical trials for acquisition of evidence-based information, and offers ophthalmology researchers hints about what makes an article a most frequently cited classic.
To produce such an article, the ophthalmologist and his or her group must offer a medical or surgical innovation, worldwide influential clinical description, or discovery that has a long-lasting effect on the way we practice ophthalmology. Such a contribution should be published in the English language in a major journal.
Treatment of Age-Related Macular Degeneration With Photodynamic Therapy TAP Study Group, Photodynamic therapy of subfoveal choroidal neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration with verteporfin: one-year results of 2 randomized clinical trials. TAP report. Arch Ophthalmol ; 10 [published correction appears in Arch Ophthalmol. Quigley HA Number of people with glaucoma worldwide. Harding JJDilley KJ Structural proteins of mammalian lens: review with emphasis on changes in development, aging and cataract.
Increased vascular endothelial growth factor levels in the vitreous of eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Machemer RLaqua H Pigment epithelium proliferation in retinal detachment massive periretinal proliferation. Heeger DJ Normalization of cell responses in cat striate cortex. Clin Vis Sci ; Google Scholar. Optical coherence tomography of the human retina. Sarks SH Aging and degeneration in the macular region: a clinicopathological study.
Palmer SS Mitomycin as adjunct chemotherapy with trabeculectomy. Posterior capsule opacification. Surv Ophthalmol ; Google Scholar Crossref. International ARM Epidemiological Study Group, An international classification and grading system for age-related maculopathy and age-related macular degeneration. Young RW Visual cells and concept of renewal. Invest Ophthalmol ; Google Scholar. The VF an index of functional impairment in patients with cataract.
TAP report 2. Gass JD Idiopathic senile macular hole: its early stages and pathogenesis. Age-Related Eye Disease Research Group, A randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial of high-dose supplementation with vitamins C and E, beta carotene, and zinc for age-related macular degeneration and vision loss.
Imaging of macular diseases with optical coherence tomography. Intraoperative mitomycin vs postoperative 5-fluorouracil in high-risk glaucoma filtering surgery. Clinically detectable nerve fiber atrophy precedes the onset of glaucomatous field loss. The mean age years was The mean postoperative follow-up time months was The mean best-corrected visual acuity BCVA improved from 0. There was improved or unchanged BCVA in 44 eyes Mild intraoperative intravitreal hemorrhage was observed in 3 eyes 5.
Early postoperative complications included transient elevated intraocular pressure IOP in 5 eyes 9. Secondary epimacular membrane occurred in 5 eyes 9. No suture erosion or breakage nor IOL dislocation was observed. No visually threatening IOL tilt or decentration was reported in any patient. Sutured scleral-fixated foldable IOL implantation demonstrated satisfactory long-term outcomes and rare suture-related complications.
This technology was safe and did not require complicated equipment and is of considerable interest in the setting of aphakia without adequate capsule support. This study aims to increase our understanding of the relationship between family and myopia in Chinese children.
Students had a physical examination and were required to provide the necessary demographic information. Children and their guardians from different family types were required to fill in a questionnaire concerning myopia factors. In this study, the prevalence of myopia in enrolled students aged 6—17 is The proportion of the nuclear family, extended family, single-parent family, and left-behind family is Myopia rates from different family types by the order nuclear family, extended family, single-parent family, and left-behind family are The interaction effect of the family type and region, physical examination, lifestyle including diet habits, near work, outdoor activities, and sleep , and types of lamps and whether scolded by parents can have a significant impact on myopia.
For primary school students grade: 1—5 , the prevalence of myopia in the nuclear family was a bit higher than that of myopia in the left-behind family, but for children in junior and senior high schools, both prevalences stayed similar. In this study, education pressure and time outdoors are still at play, and this kind of effect shows different phenomena in different families.
Therefore, previous interventions would still work, and then the most critical challenge would be to ensure that left-behind children completed more schooling. Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of , as selected by our Chief Editors.
Read the winning articles. Journal overview. Special Issues. Journal metrics. Submission to final decision 74 days. Acceptance to publication 31 days. CiteScore 2. Impact Factor 1. Journal profile Journal of Ophthalmology publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies related to the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye.
About this journal. Editor spotlight Journal of Ophthalmology maintains an Editorial Board of practicing researchers from around the world, to ensure manuscripts are handled by editors who are experts in the field of study. Meet the editorial board. Special Issues We currently have a number of Special Issues open for submission. Special Issues highlight emerging areas of research within a field, or provide a venue for a deeper investigation into an existing research area.
Submit to Special Issue. Latest Articles More articles Research Article. Krzysztof Safranow. Read the full article. Research Article. Yong Zhang Xin Li Jun Yuan. Samir El Baha Mahmoud Leila Mohamed M. Review Article. Cristian Metrangolo Simone Donati Claudio Azzolini. Ting Yu Mengting Yu Yanling Wang.
A year-old mentally A year-old mentally retarded male patient with keratoconus presented with a perforated acute hydrops. A bandage contact lens was applied. However, following a large emesis 2 days later, the aqueous leak worsened with shallowing of the anterior chamber. Under general anesthesia, sulfur hexafluoride was injected to reform the anterior chamber and cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive was applied to the perforated site and covered by a bandage contact lens and temporary tarsorrhaphy.
A follow-up examination at 1 month showed a formed anterior chamber with tissue adhesive in situ and no aqueous leak. The successful use of intracameral sulfur hexafluoride and tissue adhesive in the management of perforated acute hydrops may avoid emergency tectonic penetrating keratoplasty and reduce potential complications in the poorly cooperative patient. The surgical management of consecutive exotropia. Three horizontal muscle surgery for large-angle infantile esotropia: validation of a table of amounts of surgery.
Panoptic versus conventional ophthalmoscope. In this quasi-randomized method comparison study, eight students received an introductory session on ophthalmoscopy then examined 18 eyes 9 left, 9 right with each ophthalmoscope in a private practice. The subjects were the eight students themselves plus two other subjects. Of eye examinations, there were measurements of VCDR using the CO 47 undilated, 64 dilated , and measurements using the PO 75 undilated, 65 dilated.
This comparison would support the wider use of the PO amongst medical students, general practitioners and other primary care providers. Amblyopia due to inflamed chalazion in a month-old infant. Meibomian gland cysts chalazia are very common lesions in childhood and are not thought of as visually threatening lesions.
A case is reported of dense amblyopia and secondary exotropia resulting from an upper eyelid chalazion. Retinal haemorrhages in infants, abusive head trauma and the ophthalmologist. Vascular endothelial growth factor-B and retinal vascular development in the mouse. Vitreal macrophages express vascular endothelial growth factor in oxygen-induced retinopathy. Diode laser treatment of pre-threshold and threshold retinopathy of prematurity.
Retinopathy of prematurity ROP is a sight-threatening condition of premature infants. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of diode laser photocoagulation in the treatment of pre-threshold and threshold ROP. A retrospective A retrospective review was conducted of patients who underwent diode laser treatment for ROP by one author GAG from to Seventy-six eyes in 40 infants 20 male, 20 female were treated for ROP.
The number of burns per eye for the first session of laser ranged between and mean , with power ranging from to mW mean Eighteen Complete regression was observed in 61 eyes Six 7. In the latter part of the study as the number of laser burns per eye increased it was found that the number of patients requiring a second session of laser treatment decreased, with no adverse outcomes observed in the last 3 years of the study.
At last follow up, the average refractive error in the treated eyes was The degree of myopia induced showed no significant correlation with the number of laser burns administered. Diode laser treatment is able to stop progression of ROP in the majority of cases. Unilateral leukocoria in off axis flash photographs of normal eyes.
Three horizontal muscle squint surgery for large angle infantile esotropia. Comparison of the Retinomax autorefractor with hand-held retinoscopy in 1-year-old infants. Selective inner retinal dysfunction precedes ganglion cell loss in a mouse glaucoma model.
To correlate ganglion cell function with defined parameters of the elevated intraocular pressure profile IOP in a mouse glaucoma model and to determine the temporal relationship of these functional changes with ganglion cell death To correlate ganglion cell function with defined parameters of the elevated intraocular pressure profile IOP in a mouse glaucoma model and to determine the temporal relationship of these functional changes with ganglion cell death.
Scotopic flash electroretinograms were recorded after 5, 10, 20, and 40 days to isolate specific outer and inner retinal responses. Inner retinal function was correlated with the pressure differential between treated and non-treated eyes at the time of electroretinographic recording, and with the cumulative IOP insult the integral of the IOP.
Peripheral and central ganglion cell densities were quantified by Brn-3 immunohistochemistry. Elevated IOP induced a preferential deficit in inner retinal function. Inhibition of the STR correlated with the pressure differential between treated and non-treated eyes but not with the IOP. Tags: original research paper at the resources that is a while relax yourself from albany was looking for pediatric ophthalmology events; jobs; ophthalmology.
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