how to write an introduction paragraph to a research paper

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How to write an introduction paragraph to a research paper

Beginning Sentence s Here's your chance to introduce your topic and grab your reader's attention. In your research, have you come across an odd factoid or interesting quote? Try starting your paper with that. How about starting with an anecdotal story or humor? Middle Sentences The middle sentences cover the different points in your paper.

If you've already planned which order to write the points in the paper, you already know which order to place them in your introductory paragraph. Hint: it's the same order. You don't have to include every single point, but make sure the important ones get in there. Ending Sentence All the previous sentences have been building up to this: your thesis. Your thesis statement expresses the overall idea of your paper and show where you stand on the topic.

Indiana University has a great tutorial for writing thesis statements. Example Here's an introductory paragraph for a paper I wrote. Breakdown: 1st Sentence I lead with a quick factoid about comics. This is also how the body of my paper starts. See how I gave the history first and now give the current issue? That's flow. Remember if you're picking a side, you give the other side first and then your side. Report a problem.

Arkansas State University refdesk astate. Staff Login - LibApps. Here's your chance to introduce your topic and grab your reader's attention. The first couple of sentences are typically broad. Below are some examples:. At the same time, the introductory statement should not be too broad: note that in the examples above, the Introduction did not begin by talking about agriculture, cancer, or batteries in general, but by mentioning organic matter in soil, the role of bacteria, and lithium ion batteries.

Once the first sentence has introduced the broad field, the next sentence can point to the specific area within that broad field. As you may have noticed, the papers in the examples mentioned above introduced the subfield by mentioning 1 remission of some types cancer following accidental infection by Streptococcus pyogenes , 2 organic matter in soil as a source of nutrients for plants and of energy for microorganisms, and 3 imaging techniques to visualize the 3-dimensional structure of the materials and components of batteries on nanoscale.

Does your publication goal seem near yet too far? Introduce the specific topic of your research and explain why it is important. As you can see from the above examples, the authors are moving toward presenting the specific topic of their research. So now in the following part, you can bring in some statistics to show the importance of the topic or the seriousness of the problem. Here are some examples:. Another way to emphasize the importance of the research topic is to highlight the possible benefits from solving the problem or from finding an answer to the question: possible savings, greater production, longer-lasting devices, and so on.

This approach emphasizes the positive. For example, instead of saying that X dollars are lost because of malaria every year, say that X dollars can be saved annually if malaria is prevented, or X millions litres of water can be saved by dispensing with irrigation, or X person-hours can be saved in the form of avoided illnesses because of improved air quality or reduced pollution.

Mention past attempts to solve the research problem or to answer the research question. As mentioned earlier, a formal review of literature is out of place in the Introduction section of a research paper; however, it is appropriate to indicate any earlier relevant research and clarify how your research differs from those attempts. The differences can be simple: you may have repeated the same set of experiments but with a different organism, or elaborated involving perhaps more sophisticated or advanced analytical instruments the study with a much larger and diverse sample, or a widely different geographical setting.

Here are two examples:. Conclude the Introduction by mentioning the specific objectives of your research. The earlier paragraphs should lead logically to specific objectives of your study. Note that this part of the Introduction gives specific details: for instance, the earlier part of the Introduction may mention the importance of controlling malaria whereas the concluding part will specify what methods of control were used and how they were evaluated.

At the same time, avoid too much detail because those belong to the Materials and Methods section of the paper. If, for example, your research was about finding the right proportions of two metals in an alloy and you tested ten different proportions, you do not have to list all the ten proportions: it is enough to say that the proportions varied from to Here are two more examples:. There are different ways of constructing the objectives. Using questions 2 , hypotheses, and infinitives are the more common constructions both examples in the previous paragraph use infinitives , each of which is illustrated below with some fictitious text:.

H1: Career stages influence work values. H2: Career stages influence the level of job satisfaction. H3: Career stages do not influence organizational commitment. Using infinitives. Compared to two other sections of a typical research paper, namely Methods and Results, Introduction and Discussion are more difficult to write.

However, the 4-step approach described in this article should ease the task. You can write it, or at least revise it, after you have written the rest of the paper: this will make the Introduction not only easier to write but also more compelling. To learn in more detail the guidelines to write a great Introduction section, check out this course: How to write a strong introduction for your research paper.

Detailing the writing of scientific manuscripts: paragraphs. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia 2 : e21—e Boxman R and Boxman E. Communicating Science: a practical guide for engineers and physical scientists , pp. Singapore: World Scientific. Related reading:. Create a free account and access this bonus resource. Get Instant Access. You're looking to give wings to your academic career and publication journey.

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These sentences will form the entire thesis that you will explore in the body paragraphs in the rest of the paper.

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How to write an introduction paragraph to a research paper 175
How to write an introduction paragraph to a research paper Therefore, in order to make a relevant yet comprehensive summary, one must be well versed in the content of the research paper. So not only do we have a clearer argumentative statement in this thesis, we also have an essay map! Structure and Approach The introduction is the broad beginning of the paper that answers three important questions for the reader: What is this? Compared to two other sections of a typical research paper, namely Methods and Results, Introduction and Discussion are more difficult to write. Those instructions can help guide you as you write your intro paragraph!
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How to write an introduction paragraph to a research paper Issues to keep in mind that will help the narrative flow in your introduction :. To provide effective context, the writer refers to issues the exorbitant cost of college and high levels of family debt that have received a lot of recent scholarly and media attention. Scribbr Plagiarism Checker. Report a problem. The 4-step approach to writing the Introduction section. This sentence introduces the current issue. Once the first sentence has introduced the broad field, the next sentence can point to the specific area within that broad field.
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However, I love music. Can I combine music and economics? Of course! There are many ways to incorporate music into an economics paper :. Scholarly research is WAY more interesting than most people give credit to. Below are some of my favorite off-the-wall articles:. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.

If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Arkansas State University. Toggle navigation Research Guides LibGuides. Dean B. Learn how to get started! Not you, not your professor. Make It Interesting! Example Let's pretend I have to write a paper for an economics class. There are many ways to incorporate music into an economics paper : Study the financial effects of illegally downloading music. How much do the record companies really lose? Do people who download music buy more music?

Study the effectiveness of alternative ways of selling music, including streaming and free downloads. How are the artists making money? I thought that we were musicians - what is this? Better pray that they want to come see your show. That right there gonna be your dough. While efforts are being made to mitigate these emissions, policymakers are reluctant to reckon with the scale of the problem.

The approach presented here is a radical one, but commensurate with the issue. This paper argues that the Dutch government must stimulate and subsidize livestock farmers, especially cattle farmers, to transition to sustainable vegetable farming. It first establishes the inadequacy of current mitigation measures, then discusses the various advantages of the results proposed, and finally addresses potential objections to the plan on economic grounds. The rise of social media has been accompanied by a sharp increase in the prevalence of body image issues among women and girls.

These studies have consistently found that the visual and interactive aspects of the platform have the greatest influence on body image issues. This paper sets out to address this research gap. We investigated the effects of daily Instagram use on the prevalence of body image issues among adolescent girls. It was hypothesized that daily Instagram use would be associated with an increase in body image concerns and a decrease in self-esteem ratings. The introduction of a research paper includes several key elements:.

The way you present your research problem in your introduction varies depending on the nature of your research paper. A research paper that presents a sustained argument will usually encapsulate this argument in a thesis statement. A research paper designed to present the results of empirical research tends to present a research question that it seeks to answer. It may also include a hypothesis —a prediction that will be confirmed or disproved by your research.

Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Do the check. Generate your APA citations for free! APA Citation Generator. Home Knowledge Base Research paper How to write a research paper introduction. How to write a research paper introduction Published on September 24, by Jack Caulfield. Here's why students love Scribbr's proofreading services Trustpilot. Argumentative paper Empirical paper Argumentative paper introduction Are cows responsible for climate change?

Empirical paper introduction The rise of social media has been accompanied by a sharp increase in the prevalence of body image issues among women and girls. What should I include in a research paper introduction? When should I write my research paper introduction? Should I use a research question, hypothesis, or thesis statement?

Is this article helpful? He writes and edits for Scribbr, and reads a lot of books in his spare time. Other students also liked. Developing strong research questions Research questions give your project a clear focus. They should be specific and feasible, but complex enough to merit a detailed answer. How to write a research paper conclusion The conclusion of a research paper restates the research problem, summarizes your arguments or findings, and discusses the implications.

How to format a research paper The formatting guidelines for a research paper differ by style guide. Download free templates to get started. What is your plagiarism score? Scribbr Plagiarism Checker. Although x has been studied in detail, insufficient attention has been paid to y.

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Modern theories tend to associate misbehavior and intentional actions that harm others with personal characteristics. A good example of this phenomenon is a recent war trial with Adolph Eichmann, who claimed he was only following orders to carry out Nazi war crimes. During the experiment, we will see whether someone can continue administering painful electric shocks that harm another person simply because he or she is told to do so.

It is expected that very few will continue and that most of the participants will not obey the order. Writing an engaging introduction is not less important than conducting research papers or providing a high-quality context in your issue. In fact, a great intro is even more important for your success! An opening paragraph that attracts attention and keeps the reader engaged is the key to success with this academic work.

The intro is the first thing that a reader sees. It is exactly what helps him or her gets the first impression of your work, which carries their opinion about the merits of your paper while they finish reading it. How do you create flawless intros for your research papers? These tips and examples in this article should help you deal with this assignment effortlessly while avoiding common mistakes. However, it also requires practice.

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We will be glad to review your application in the future. Forgot password. Quick Navigation. How to Write a Research Paper Introduction? Need help with writing a research paper? Get help. Was this helpful? Sorry about that How can we improve it? Thanks for your feedback! How to start a research paper: Step-by-Step Guide 19 Oct Many students—and pros—struggle with how to write an introduction for a research paper.

This short guide will describe the purpose of a research paper introduction and how to create a good one. It may seem obvious, but introductions are always placed at the beginning of a paper. They guide your reader from a general subject area to the narrow topic that your paper covers. Your introduction will cover a lot of ground. However, it will only be half of a page to a few pages long. The length depends on the size of your paper as a whole.

In many cases, the introduction will be shorter than all of the other sections of your paper. A good introduction will:. Without a clear introduction, your readers will struggle. They may feel confused when they start reading your paper. They might even give up entirely. Your introduction will ground them and prepare them for the in-depth research to come. Research paper introductions are always unique.

After all, research is original by definition. However, they often contain six essential items. These are:. These six items are emphasized more or less, depending on your field. For example, a physics research paper might emphasize methodology.

An English journal article might highlight the overview. We want you to learn how to make it shine. There are three things you can do that will make it easier to write a great introduction. You can:. Ultimately, your introduction is a guide for your readers. It should lay out your topic, offer some background information, and leave them wanting more.

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Links and mentions are not endorsements. Translate to English. Accomplish more together. The Microsoft team. What is an introduction for a research paper? Introductions to research papers do a lot of work. Why is an introduction vital to a research paper? What should you include in an introduction for a research paper?

These are: An overview of the topic. Start with a general overview of your topic. Then, mention questions or concerns you had about the case. Note that you will address them in the publication. Prior research.

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